Article on RTE campaign in AP
Created by lathaluvv on Tue, 2011-09-13 18:05
Historically, in India, participation of girls in education has lagged behind that of boys at all levels of education. Its retrospective effect is reflected in the low female literacy rate continuing till date as a challenge. The costs of missing opportunity of educating girls to the society may be far higher than the investment required for educating them. So SSA in AP collaborated with APMSS (AP Mahila Samkhya) or MS to do massive campaign on RTE using Fine and Folk Arts.
The specific Objectives of the Campaign are:
1. To spread awareness on the RTE Act and its important provisions to the community with a focus on women and girls
2. To build the understanding that a holistic approach on women’s literacy is a link to child education, particularly of girl children.
3. To break stereotypical roles imposed on women and girls as domestic beings and child rearers by exposing the greater roles played by women today as builders of society and nation in many different and difficult professions
4. To facilitate community take responsibility for effective implementation of the RTE Act and its provisions
Proposed Strategies for the Campaign
* Involving all government employees working in rural areas, political leaders, local opinion makers, interested NGOs and all groups interested in education at various levels of campaign
* Sustainable and continuous campaign at the grassroots level by involving members of SHGs and NREGS groups like Srama Sakthi Sanghams(SSS)
* To follow multi dimensional approach to mass mobilization using print, electronic and live media in participatory learning forms
The campaign in all low literacy mandals of the State in order to reach the expected objectives in a given period of ten months and will be taken up in two phases. While speaking of the low literacy mandals, the number is not available for Hyderabad district and the districts of West Godavari, Kadapa and Nellore do not have low literacy mandals. There is only one mandal with lower than 50% literacy rate in Krishna district, hence not falling in to the criteria for taking up the campaign. Similarly 2 mandals in Chittor and 6 mandals in East Godavari are tribal mandals with lower than 50%.
Since theidentification of child labour, dropout children and mapping of low literacy and low enrollment areas is already done by respective institutions the following is the plan for implementation.
Þ Pre and post Jatha activities at field and State level
Þ Initiating Kalajatha teams predominantly of young women at grass root level
Þ Kalajathas in identified habitats covering minimum of 8 low literacy mandals in each of the districts in the first phase; followed by remaining 8 districts in the second phase
Þ Involving village coordinators and mandal coordinators in organizing Jathas at habitat level
Covering of Tribal mandals
As the tribal mandals need specific strategies, given the cultural and geographical context, content and form of the Kalajatha will be suitably altered given its specific background, with lowest literacy rates. Also these will need to be translated into local tribal languages for each of the districts with tribal population. Separate groups consisting of local tribal persons need identified and trained.
To cover the habitations in tribal areas, more number of days is required for each of the teams to cover two mandals due to lack of transportation, distances between the habitations and large number of habitations with less population.
PreJatha Activities :
® Identifying the mandals for performing Kalajathas and making necessary arrangements through reception committees
® Organizing State level writers’ workshop to produce new songs, plays and folk forms on the provisions of RTE Act. Inviting writers who are already experienced in campaign mode and women writers who are writing songs but needs refining.
® Production of cultural forms and Audio recording
® Preparation of posters, pamphlets and other necessary campaign material
® Identification and Training of cultural teams. These trainings will be done in two phases - 4 teams per district of 14 districts will be trained in first phase and each team will be performing in 4 mandals in two phases. Extra team, in case required, will be trained in the second phase. Mahabubnagar district requires special/separate training given its large number of low literacy mandals. 14 teams would be required to cover all these mandals. Moreover, to cover the tribal mandals separate trainings are needed. In Guntur and RR districts 5 teams per district will be trained to cover two mandals by each team. One of these teams will cover the remaining 1 mandal in RR district. In the second phase, additional teams will be trained for Karimnagar (2), Kurnool (1), Medak (3) and Nizamabad (2) to cover the remaining mandals which are not covered by the teams trained in the first phase. These teams will be trained subsequent to the first phase trainings.
· Prior information in the habitats through Chatimpu(Dappu) covering all the streets
· Approaching village elders – SHGs, local political leaders, formation of Jatha reception committee
· Ground preparation for Jathas – decorating schools, Panchayat buildings, community halls, main centres of the village and meeting place: Rangoli, Wall writings, etc.
· Collection of teaching learning material from concerned departments for distribution
· Preparation of route map
Jatha – Perfomance :
Since the campaign is intended to be performed in all the districts in two phases, the strategies of performances will slightly differ. While in the first 14 districts, the village level sanghams, federations will coordinate the performances/campaign, SLMA, I&PR or any other NGO who is doing contemporary theatre on social issues will be identified and trained for the performances. The major points that will be kept in mind during the performance will be:
· Reading out important provisions of RTE Act and goals to the audience for at least 10 minutes prior to the performance
· Performance of Jatha for minimum of one hour and maximum of two hours excluding preparation time
· Teaching one or two songs to children / SHG members during performance
· Oath taking by local employees, volunteers, local leaders and the community on education for girls and women after the completion of the performance
· Opinion collection on Jatha and noting issues / concerns related to RTE and literacy
Proposed Time frame
The entire campaign, including pre-jatha activities will take about four months time starting from September 2011 to December 2011.
Post Jatha follow up : Follow up activities for ensuring total enrolment, retention and women’s literacy will be taken up in the post Jatha phase.
· Plan of Action will be evolved with village elders for their role in follow up activities and facilitate formation of child rights protection committees
· Training of Volunteers of literacy centres by the concerned agencies
· Ensuring Starting of literacy centres with in 15 days after Jatha
· Strengthening of existing literacy centers by ensuring regularity, access of material to all the learners in time
· Monitoring dropouts and ensuring retention
· Teaching songs and skits at schools and literacy centers on RTE
· Evolving School development plans in consultations with all concerned
· Conducting regular review meetings at village level
· Identifying peak season of absenteeism and community wise reasons for it and developing appropriate plan to redress the issue along with concerned authorities
Expected Out comes
· Increased awareness among communities on RTE Act and importance of women’s literacy
· Proactive participation of parents and community in ensuring girls education, women’s literacy and effective implementation of provisions under RTE Act
· Evolution of active child rights protection committees at grassroots level
· Building local resource group of young women to perform and carry forward the campaign using folk art medium
· Proactive participation of parents in school management wherever follow up is done constantly by the concerned
· Enabling environment for children’s education and women’s literacy at habitat level
· Concerted efforts by all stake holders at village level for realization of RTE goals